LABORATORY ACTIVITIES IN SECONDARY EDUCATION (a case study with school physics manuals for grade 10th)

Julião da Costa Belo, Helena de Sousa Amaral, Afonso Araújo Lopes, Celestina Borges Filomena, Augusto da Costa

Abstract


The purposes of this research are to identify the
implementation policy of laboratory activities for grade 10th
students in secondary school, to know the methods that
teachers use to practice laboratory, and to discover the
difficulties that teachers faced in implementing laboratory
practices. The researcher utilized the qualitative method.
The informant is 22 teachers (from 22 Secondary schools in
three different municipalities: Baucau, Dili, and Maliana,
and 44 students as additional informants. Data collection
utilized observation, structured interviews, documentation,
and a questionnaire approach. The categories of questions
were used to analyze the data. It discovered that 72.73% of
teachers did not implement laboratory practices on Physics
Textbooks for Grade 10th students because schools have no
laboratory. The 22.73% of teachers practice even though
schools have no adequate instruments; only 4.54% of
schools have laboratory instruments. Concerning the
laboratory, 63.64% of teachers conducted practice
laboratory, and 31.82% did not practice. It indicated only
4.54% practiced in the laboratory. Furthermore, no one of
the teachers utilized the procedure practices. However,
95.46% of teachers used the Student Manual and explored
further related teaching materials.

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